– A transitive verb is one that is used with an object: a noun, phrase, or pronoun that refers to the person or thing that is affected by the action of the verb. In the following sentences, admire, maintain, face, and love are transitive verbs:
- I admire your courage.
- We need to maintain product quality.
- I couldn’t face him today.
- She loves animals.
– An intransitive verb does not have an object. In the following sentences, cry, work, laugh, and talk are intransitive verbs:
- The baby was crying.
- I work for a large firm in Paris.
- They laughed uncontrollably.
- We talked for hours.
Here is a short list of some common verbs that can be transitive or intransitive:
|move||Could you move your car please?||The trees were moving in the breeze.|
|start||Taylor was found guilty of starting the fire.||The match starts at 3 p.m.|
|change||Marriage hasn’tchanged her.||The area’s changed greatly in the last decade.|
|close||Close your eyes; I’ve got a surprise for you.||Most shops here close at 5.30 p.m.|
|open||Open the window; it’s too hot in here!||The museum opens at 10 a.m.|
|stop||Greg tried to stop her from leaving.||When the rain stopped, we went for a walk.|
|do||Have you done your coursework?||Joe’s doing well in his new job.|
|set||Kate set a chair next to the bed.||The sun was setting and a red glow filled the sky.|
|run||Michelle used to runa restaurant.||The path ran over the hill.|
|live||Our cat lived till he was 10.||He was living a life of luxury abroad.|
|wash||Have youwashed your hands?||I washed, dressed, and went out.|
|write||Write your name here.||Kevin couldn’t read orwrite.|