– A transitive verb is one that is used with an object: a noun, phrase, or pronoun that refers to the person or thing that is affected by the action of the verb. In the following sentences, admire, maintain, face, and love are transitive verbs:

  • I admire your courage.
  • We need to maintain product quality.
  • I couldn’t face him today.
  • She loves animals.

– An intransitive verb does not have an object. In the following sentences, cry, work, laugh, and talk are intransitive verbs:

  • The baby was crying.
  • I work for a large firm in Paris.
  • They laughed uncontrollably.
  • We talked for hours.

Here is a short list of some common verbs that can be transitive or intransitive:

Verb Transitive Intransitive
move Could you move your car please? The trees were moving in the breeze.
start Taylor was found guilty of starting the fire. The match starts at 3 p.m.
change Marriage hasn’tchanged her. The area’s changed greatly in the last decade.
close Close your eyes; I’ve got a surprise for you. Most shops here close at 5.30 p.m.
open Open the window; it’s too hot in here! The museum opens at 10 a.m.
stop Greg tried to stop her from leaving. When the rain stopped, we went for a walk.
do Have you done your coursework? Joe’s doing well in his new job.
set Kate set a chair next to the bed. The sun was setting and a red glow filled the sky.
run Michelle used to runa restaurant. The path ran over the hill.
live Our cat lived till he was 10. He was living a life of luxury abroad.
wash Have youwashed your hands? I washed, dressed, and went out.
write Write your name here. Kevin couldn’t read orwrite.
Advertisements